These days, gardening is not just about getting a good area of fertile land that you can grow your vegetables or some little crops that you want to grow. Indeed, there are a lot of ways to enjoy your love of plants and gardening. If you are a gardening enthusiast, you might find this guide to hydroponics a good idea to enjoy gardening.
By the name itself, you would have probably thought about water, and indeed, hydroponics is a technique wherein you grow plants without soil but with water with mineral nutrient solutions. With the mineral nutrients in water, the plants absorb these nutrients and thus, no need for a growing medium, particularly soil. If you are thinking of growing your plants by just putting them on water, then hydroponics is for you.
To help you start with your hydroponics gardening, here is a simple guide to hydroponics that you might find useful.
Learning about the different types of hydroponic systems
The Wick System
If you want to venture into hydroponics, there are a few techniques that you can learn. You can use the wick system, which is said to be the simplest type that you can do. This is hydroponics system is done by putting your plants in their container while putting the nutrient reservoir in a separate container.
A wick made of absorbent material is then placed on the nutrient reservoir and buried partially underneath each plant. This mechanism allows the nutrients to travel underneath the plants where the roots can readily absorb them.
The Drip System
The drip system is commonly practiced and you can simple find these in any guide to hydroponics. Like the wick system, the plants are placed in a container separate from there the nutrient solution is. Small tubes are then placed in the nutrient reservoir to bring the liquid on top of each drop and allow it to drip. You can also regulate the drip by putting different emitters on top, depending on the desirable speed for your drip system.
The Nutrient Film Technique in Hydroponics or the NFT
The NFT hydroponics is another system that you can also do with your hydroponics garden. In this type of hydroponics system, your plants are still placed on a tray or gutter and separate with the nutrient reservoir but a pump is used to allow the nutrient solution to constantly flow beneath the roots of the plants.
In this technique, the constant stream of nutrient is also made sure that the liquid flowing beneath the tray is even. To do this, a capillary mat is usually placed in the bottom of the tray.
However, one thing that you have to consider in putting up this system is to make sure that your chosen plants have roots large enough to absorb the stream of nutrients below it.
These are just three of the most common hydroponics system that you can put up at home. There are a lot more hydroponics techniques that you may want to explore, especially if you have already learned from your first hydroponics. Just make sure always to secure a good guide to hydroponics so you will be able to follow instructions correctly.